The history of Tykarpsgrottan

"Bönderna, som här bruto kalkstenen, hade gravit sig neder i jorden till roten av kalkberget och gått in hela långa trakten under jorden med den ena orten inom den andra, liksom kyrkovalv; ty den understa kalkstenen i berget är fastast, tätast, vitast, och giver den vackraste kalken."

Carl von Linné 1749

Vedhygge gruva, Ignaberga


Down here, twelve meter below, farmhands and maids have been mining limestone for centuries, using a mining technique they learned from Carl von Linné. With hammers, chisels and hacks the limestone was minded in blocks which were carried out on barrows.

All pieces of limestone were burnt and used as building material. The lime kilns were located, where you today can find the modern camping site. After burning, carts pulled by oxen went to the construction sites.

The mining in Tykarpsgrottan stopped around 1880, and today there is a opencast mining in Ignaberga. Left underground, in Tykarpsgrottan, is an enchanting world, a uniqe labyrinth created entirely by human hands for centuries.
 
The mine has been used on several occasions as a set for film recordings, the most famous one is a much loved Swedish film: Ronia the Robber's Daughter, by Astrid Lindgren.