The history of Tykarpsgrottan

80 million years ago, during the cretaceous era, there was a warm shallow ocean here. Deposits from the plants and animals that lived in the ocean are what created the limestone. The limestone, rich in fossils, stretches from Tykarp/Ignaberga to Kristianstad and Bromölla.

The mining for the cretaceous limestone in Ignaberga probably started as early as the 12th century. In the surroundings there are traces of the mining in smaller quarries and partly or completely collapsed mines.

Tykarpsgrottan is the youngest mine and the only one you can visit in the area. Here the farmers started mining in the mid-18th century. At the end of 19th century a more efficient and industrialized mining in quarries nearby started and the mining in Tykarpsgrottan ended. In the quarries you could get larger quantities in shorter time. In one day you could get as much in the quarry as one year in the mine.

Left in Tykarpsgrottan today is a 20 000 m² underground labyrinth with halls, corridors and pillars. Guided tours for the public have been arranged since the 1920’s. The temperature in the mine is +8 °C all year around.